Scanning for genes in large genomic regions: cosmid-based exon trapping of multiple exons in a single product

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Nucleic Acids Res, Volume 24, Number 6, p.1105-1111 (1996)

DOI Name (links to online publication)



analysis; Animals; Base Sequence; Chromosome Mapping; Cloning; Molecular; Cosmids; Dna; DNA Probes; Exons; Genes; Genetic Techniques; Genetic Vectors; genetics; Genome; Growth Hormone; Human; Humans; In Vitro; Metallothionein; Mice; Molecular Sequence Data


To facilitate the scanning of large genomic regions for the presence of exonic gene segments we have constructed a cosmid-based exon trap vector. The vector serves a dual purpose since it is also suitable for contig construction and physical mapping. The exon trap cassette of vector sCOGH1 consists of the human growth hormone gene driven by the mouse mettallothionein-1 promoter. Inserts are cloned in the multicloning site located in intron 2 of the hGH gene. The efficiency of the system is demonstrated with cosmids containing multiple exons of the Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy gene. All exons present in the inserts were successfully retrieved and no cryptic products were detected. Up to seven exons were isolated simultaneously in a single spliced product. The system has been extended by a transcription-translation-test protocol to determine the presence of large open reading frames in the trapped products, using a combination of tailed PCR primers directing protein synthesis in three different reading frames, followed by in vitro transcription-translation. Having larger stretches of coding sequence in a single exon trap product rather than small single exons greatly facilitates further analysis of potential genes and offers new possibilities for direct mutation analysis of exon trap material