Interactions between simultaneously activated behavioral systems in the rat

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Behav Neurosci, Volume 103, Number 4, p.784-789 (1989)

DOI Name (links to online publication)

10.1037/0735-7044.103.4.784

Keywords:

Aggression; Agonistic Behavior; Animals; Arousal; ATTACK; Brain; Brain Mapping; Electric Stimulation; Feeding Behavior; Food; Food Deprivation; Grooming; Hypothalamus; Male; Motivation; ORGANIZATION; pharmacology; physiology; RAT; Rats; Rats; Inbred Strain

Abstract:

Interactions between electrically induced attack and teeth-chattering from 1 electrode and grooming from another were examined in male albino rats. The interaction between electrically induced attack and deprivation-induced feeding, as well as the effect of food deprivation on attack, was also studied. Results indicate that attack appears to be a dominant response, for it suppressed grooming and feeding at a low level of activation. On the other hand, it was not affected by simultaneously induced grooming or feeding. However, food deprivation decreased the threshold for attack, leaving attack latency, attack form, or bite targets unaffected. Teeth-chattering, suggested to be related to attack and flight, was also a dominant response. Results suggest that interactions between behavioral systems are in favor of the systems that must act acutely on activation in order to survive. Apparently, the regulations governing these interactions are represented in the functional organization of the brain

18/01/2013